Pembroke Welsh Corgi
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi lineage has been traced back as far as 1107 AD
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi (/ˈkɔːrɡi/; Welsh for “dwarf dog”) is a cattle herding dog breed that originated in Pembrokeshire, Wales. It is one of two breeds known as a Welsh Corgi. The other is the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, and both descend from the line of northern spitz-type dogs. Pembroke Welsh Corgis are famous as the preferred breed of Queen Elizabeth II, who has owned more than 30 during her reign. Although these dogs have been favoured by British royalty for more than seventy years, among the British public, they have recently fallen into decline in terms of popularity and demand. However, they remain very popular in the United States. Cities such as New York, Boston, and Los Angeles, and San Francisco hold annual “Corgi Meetups” in which hundreds of dogs and their owners congregate to spend the day.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has been ranked 11th in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs, which states that the breed is considered an excellent working dog. According to the American Kennel Club, Pembroke Welsh Corgis were ranked 13th most popular breed of dog in 2018.
Pembroke Welsh Corgis love to be involved in the family, and tend to follow wherever their owners go. They have a great desire to please their owners, thus making them eager to learn and train.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has erect ears that are in proportion to the equilateral triangle of the head. The breed standard indicates that the ears should be firm, medium in size, and tapered slightly to a rounded point. The head should be “fox-like” in shape and appearance. Pembroke Welsh Corgis differ from the Cardigan Welsh Corgi by being shorter in length, having smaller ears, and being slightly straighter of leg. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi has a “fairy saddle”, somewhat lighter markings on each side of the withers caused by changes in the thickness, length, and direction of hair growth.
Being a double coated dog, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi sheds heavily all year around, with peaks in the Spring and Autumn. With regular brushing, their coat is fairly easy to maintain, as well as naturally water- and dirt repellent (at the exception of “fluffies”). Intact females are also known to shed during heat.
Breed faults exist and should not be bred on purpose; such as “fluffies” which are corgis with very long and thinner coat (coming from a recessive gene), and “bluies,” which have a dilute colour (red coats present with a bluish cast).